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Oral thrush is a yeast/fungus infection caused by the species Candida that affects the mouth’s mucous membranes. Candida albicans is the most prevalent cause, however Candida glabrata and Candida tropicalis can also cause it.

Symptoms 

  • Yellow/white bumps & patches on your tongue, inner cheeks, gums, tonsils, or lips
  • Bleeding from scraped bumps
  • Burning sensation or soreness in mouth
  • Irritating cracked dry skin around the corners of the mouth
  • Having difficulty swallowing
  • Continuous bad taste
  • Losing sense of taste

Treatment 

These oral antifungal medications work well, though prescription is advised: 

  • Fluconazole (Diflucan)
  • Clotrimazole (Mycelex Troche)
  • Sporanox 
  • Amphotericin B (AmBisome, Fungizone)

Care 

Rinsing your mouth with any of the following will help ease down symptoms or irritation:

  • Saltwater
  • Solution of baking soda with water
  • Lemon juice mixed with water
  • Mixture of apple cider vinegar with water
  • Yogurt which contains beneficial bacteria

Prevention

Try the following to lower your risk of oral thrush:

  • To help your immune system work properly, eat a good diet and live a healthy lifestyle. 
  • Brush your teeth twice a day, floss daily, and see your dentist on a regular basis to maintain proper dental hygiene. 
  • Make an appointment with your doctor if your mouth is constantly dry and follow their treatment plan.
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